The name “dandelion” comes from the French words “lion’s tooth,” because the leaves look like a row of lion’s teeth, in traditional herbal medicine dandelion is revered for its wide array of medicinal properties.
Dandelion leaves offer a rich source of vitamins A, C, and K. They also contain vitamin E, folate and small amounts of B vitamins. Dandelion leaves also offer a substantial amount of minerals including iron, calcium, magnesium, and potassium. With both antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties which promote a healthy liver, and are good for digestive issues. Dandelion leaves and flowers are also very good for the skin, reducing inflammation and protecting against free radicals.
In subarctic and Northern temperate regions, there are around 2800 known species. Dandelion is produced for medicinal purposes and food, either grown from wild sources or cultivated. It is predominantly cultivated and produced in Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary, and Poland. Dandelion occurs in the tropics, in cool highlands (1,200-1,500 m of altitude) and in warm sub-temperate and temperate zones around the northern hemisphere. It is able to tolerate drought and frost.
In Russia, India, and China, dandelion has been used in ethnopharmacology as a traditional folk medicine because of its hepatic and hyperglycemic effects. It is often consumed as a food (salads) as it is a rich source of micronutrients such as minerals and vitamins. Dandelion has numerous therapeutic benefits, including treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D), blisters, spleen, and liver complaints, and is used as a popular traditional medicine in Turkey and Mexico for the control of T2D.
Dandelion is also used in food products. Young dandelion leaves can be eaten fresh, the roots are roasted and used as an additive in the production of coffee, and dandelion extract is used as a flavor in various food products (alcoholic beverages, soft drinks, frozen dairy desserts, sweets, baked goods, jellies, puddings, and cheese.
What are the skincare benefits Of Dandelion?
In one study, dandelion leaf and flower extract protected against skin damage when applied just prior to or immediately after exposure to UVB radiation (sunlight). Dandelion root was not effective in the same way
One in-vitro (test-tube) study has shown that dandelion root extract increased the generation of new skin cells, which has the potential to slow the skin aging process. Remembering one of the characteristics of aging skin is a decrease in the production of healthy, new skin cells.
Research has also indicated that dandelion extract may reduce skin inflammation and irritation while also increasing hydration and collagen production. This may be useful in preventing and treating certain types of acne.
Dandelion has been used for diuretic, choleretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, anti-carcinogenic, analgesic, anti-hyperglycemic, anti-coagulatory and prebiotic effects. Dandelion is rich in vitamins (A, C, D, E, and B), inositol, lecithin, and minerals such as iron, magnesium, sodium, calcium, silicon, copper, phosphorus, zinc, and manganese.
Among vegetables, dandelion is one of the richest sources of beta-carotene (11,000 µg/100 g leaves, same as in carrots), from which vitamin A originates. In the past few years, dandelion has demonstrated health benefits including anti-rheumatic, anti-carcinogenic, diuretic, laxative, hypoglycemic, and chloretic effects.
One study has found that constituents of Taraxacum mongolicum include artemetin, quercetin, luteolin, luteolin-7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, caffeic acid, esculetin, stigmasterol, and taraxasteryl acetate.
The petals of Dandelion contain lutein epoxide. Potassium is present in the leaves at a concentration of 297mg per 100g.
Dandelion leaves are a source of vitamin A (1,400 units per 100g), as well as lutein and beta-carotene. Dandelion also offers sources of fiber, potassium, iron, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, thiamine and riboflavin, along with sodium, vitamin C and vitamin D in lesser concentrations.
The root is a diuretic, liver cleanser, and detoxifier. It is rich in the carbohydrate inulin, a soluble fiber found in plants that supports the growth and maintenance of healthy bacterial flora in the intestinal tract, making it an excellent digestive tonic and mild laxative. Common medicinal uses include: natural laxative, helps anemia, optimizes digestion, stabilizes mood swings.
ANTIFUNGAL / In a laboratory test using clinical oral Candida isolated from head and neck cancer patients, dandelion did not exhibit significant antifungal activity.
ANTI-INFLAMMATORY / Dandelion's therapeutic effects have historically been attributed to the bitter constituents found in roots and leaves. Research in laboratory animals suggests that dandelion root may possess anti-inflammatory properties. A 2005 study showed that dandelion leaf extract has anti-inflammatory properties. Sesquiterpenes lactones are responsible for diuretic effects and may also contribute to dandelion's anti-inflammatory activity.
ANTIOXIDANT / Several laboratory studies report antioxidant properties of dandelion flower extract. Chlorogenic acid (CGA) is the ester of caffeic acid and the richest phenolic component of dandelion, CGA is a potent anti-oxidant because of its high phenolic content, It is found in all parts of the plant (roots, flowers, leaves, and stems).
/ DANDELION / is a tonic herb nutrient-dense and mineral-rich, its leaves, petals, and root offer a wide variety of nutrients:
- Taraxasterol (Anti-inflammatory)
- Caffeic Acid (Antioxidant)
- Lxerine (Anti-inflammatory & Antimicrobial)
- Chicoric Acid (Immunostimulatory)
- Ainsloside (Antioxidant)
- Tetrahydroidentin B (Anti-inflammatory & Antimicrobial)
- Monocaffeoyltartaric Acid 11β, 1 3 - dihydrolactucin
- Taraxacolide β-D glucoside (Anti-inflammatory & Antimicrobial)
- Taraxinic Acid β-D glucoside (Anti-inflammatory & Antimicrobial)
LEAF & STEM /
- β-sitosterol (Anti-inflammatory & Antimicrobial)
- a-amyrin (Anti-inflammatory)
- Stigmasterol (Anti-inflammatory & Antimicrobial)
- Quercetine glycosides (Antioxidant)
- Monocaffeoyltartic acid (Antioxidant)
- Sesquiterpene lactones - taraxinic β-D glucopyranoside, (Anti-inflammatory & Antimicrobial)
- Chicoric Acid (Antioxidant)
- Caffeic Acid (Antioxidant)
- Chlorogenic Acid (Antioxidant)
- Chrysoeriol (Antioxidant)
- Luteoline 7-O-glucoside( Antioxidant)
- Chicoric Acid (Antioxidant)
- Monocaffeoyltararic (Antioxidant)
CULTIVATION: Certified organically grown.
BOTANICAL NAME: Taraxacum officinale
Dandelion contains high levels of the antioxidant beta-carotene, which is known to provide strong protection against cellular damage and oxidative stress. They are also rich in another category of antioxidants called polyphenols, which are found in the highest concentration in the flower but are present in the roots, leaves, and stems as well.
Coupled with dandelions anti-inflammatory properties antioxidants help defend your cells against damage from free radicals. Damage caused by free radicals is linked to aging, as well as cancer and other harmful diseases.
Try drinking a cup a day - The dried leaves, roots, and flowers can be steeped to make a delicious herbal tea a blend of both dandelion and nettle is particularly tasty! The roots of young dandelion plants are roasted to a dark brown color, after steeping in hot water and straining, it can be enjoyed as a natural coffee substitute.
I have of course incorporated a lipophilic extract of certified organic dandelion including both the aerial parts and roots into Cell Affinity Coactive Serum via our propriety herbal infusion, to capture the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant compounds promoting exceptional skin health care.
/ REFERENCES /
Purcelley, Marla. Medicinal Properties of Herbs and Plants (Kindle Locations 9364-9365). Page Publishing Inc. Kindle Edition.
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Hu, C. and Kitts, D. D. Antioxidant, prooxidant, and cytotoxic activities of solvent-fractionated dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) flower extracts in vitro. J Agric Food Chem 1-1-2003;51(1):301-310. 12502425
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Canadian Journal of Plant Science
Dandelion Extracts Protect Human Skin Fibroblasts from UVB Damage and Cellular Senescence.
Constituents from the roots of Taraxacum platycarpum and their effect on proliferation of human skin fibroblasts.
Skin Hydration and Collagen Synthesis of AF-343 in HS68 Cell Line and NC/Nga Mice by Filaggrin Expression and Suppression of Matrix Metallopreteinase