The Goji Berry is harvested from an evergreen shrub that reaches a height of 15 feet (4.5 Metres). With thorny branches and oblong, thick leaves that are distributed alternatively or in clusters of three, it has bell-shaped pink or purple flowers and produces a fleshy orange to red berry in the fall (winter). Within an uncertain origin, it is mainly cultivated in China, Japan, and the Himalayan and Mongolian valleys where its use in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been documented over 1900 years.
Known also as the “wolfberry” and is the fruit of Lycium barbarum and Lycium (Chinese). The Goji berries have been an important part of Chinese medicine for several hundred years. Goji berry is extremely popular for its age supporting properties from antioxidants, fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals that it contains makes it very beneficial in slowing down the natural aging process.
Traditionally, dried goji berries are cooked before they are consumed. They are commonly used in Chinese soups and as herbal tea. Goji berries are used for the production of tinctures, wine, and juice. Many pharmacological functions related to the eyes, kidney, and liver particularly have been promoted by the consumption of goji berries.
How do Goji Berries Promote healthy skin?
The high biological activity components in goji berries are carotenoids, namely beta-carotene, lutein, lycopene, zeaxanthin, and zeaxanthin dipalmitate. which are essential plant phytochemicals. Carotenoids are known for their ability to promote healthy skin.
- Improve skin health.
- Reduce skin irritation.
- Manage the effects of photoaging caused by the sun.
- Manage the impact of aging on the skin.
The antioxidants in Goji Berries reduce inflammation, thereby minimizing signs of skin aging. Antioxidants help the skin to retain moisture and efficiently regenerate cells improving the complexion. Rich in vitamins and minerals which promote collagen production, and even out skin tone. Antioxidants are key to maintaining healthy skin, antioxidants fend off free radicals caused by exposure to:
Beneficial Compounds for skincare and skin health
Goji berries contain carotenoids namely / beta-carotene, lutein, lycopene, zeaxanthin, and zeaxanthin dipalmitate.
/ CAROTENOIDS / These phytonutrients contain high quantities of antioxidants, which help protect the skin’s barrier and fight wrinkle-causing free radicals. Goji Berries are high in zeaxanthin and lutein, these compounds aid in protecting from harmful blue light (which is emitted from mobile phones & digital devices). Lycopene is known for its skin brightening properties.
/ VITAMIN A / Beta-carotene converts to Vitamin A, or retinol, inside the body. When ingested, Vitamin A helps promote cell turnover, keeping our skin radiant and even-toned, while allowing the skin and mucous membranes to more easily defend against bacteria and viruses.
/ ZINC / Assists the immune system fend off bacteria and viruses, zinc helps reduce inflammation and regulate the skin’s oil production. Helpful for people prone to acne, rosacea, psoriasis, and eczema. Zinc helps to promote skin collagen and elastin production, both of which keep the skin elastic and firm.
/ MORE MINERALS / Goji berries contain 11 of the 22 essential dietary trace minerals, including calcium, potassium, iron, zinc, and selenium. Though each has a different action, synergistically they all help firm, tighten and plump the appearance of skin.
SKIN BENEFITS SNAPSHOT
Aids in the reduction of wrinkles and signs of skin aging.
Protects against environmental damage and UV rays.
Evens out skin tone and reduces hyperpigmentation.
Promotes collagen production and skin elasticity.
It helps skin retain moisture.
A number of studies have demonstrated the antioxidant activity of Goji fruit. This activity is caused by several factors: it has the ability to capture superoxide radicals (35-82%, depending on the applied goji concentration) and also its ability to inhibit lipid peroxidation was demonstrated in vitro (22-70%, depending on concentration) (Wu, SJ. et al, 2004).
Zeaxanthin is a xanthophyll - an oxygenated carotenoid with antioxidant and blue light-absorbing properties. (Lutein also has blue light-absorbing properties) Zeaxanthin is found in many vegetables and fruits at low levels, with Goji Berry being its best-known natural source, confirmed that 80% of the total carotenoids in wolfberry were in the form of zeaxanthin.
(Weller and Breithaupt 2003).
Further detailed analysis in 2008 revealed that zeaxanthin dipalmitate was present in the largest amount (88% of total carotenoids), followed by β-cryptoxanthin monopalmitate and its two isomers (2–4%), zeaxanthin monopalmitate and its two isomers (1–5%), all-trans-β-carotene (2%), and all-trans-zeaxanthin (0.1%).
(Inbaraj et al. 2008).
PLANT PART USED: The fruit
CULTIVATION METHOD: Certified Organic
INCI NOMENCLATURE: Lycium Barbarum Fruit Extract
HARVESTING FACTS: Fruits are bright orange-red, elliptical-shaped berries that have anywhere between 10-60 tiny yellow seeds inside. They ripen July and October, but as they spoil easily, they have to be harvested very carefully.
/ CONCLUSION /
Goji Berry Extract has been incorporated into our formulation of Cell Affinity Coactive Serum via Dehydrasomes, which enhances the delivery of the botanical active extracts of Goji and Acai Berries, to harness the powerful antioxidants, Vitamins Minerals, and Amino Acids essential for healthy and radiant skin. We are literally bathed in blue light from digital devices we use at both home and work, which has harmful effects on our skin health, the high amounts of the Antioxidant compound, Zeaxanthin, with its blue light-absorbing properties make Goji Berry a true skin savior!
Until next time..
Be human, be kind, be you.
Comparative studies on phenolic profiles, antioxidant capacities and carotenoid contents of red goji berry (Lycium barbarum) and black goji berry (Lycium ruthenicum) Tahidul Islam, Xiaoming Yu, Tanvir Singh Badwal, and Baojun Xu.
Chapter 14Biomolecular and Clinical Aspects of Chinese Wolfberry - Peter Bucheli, Qiutao Gao, Robert Redgwell, Karine Vidal, Junkuan Wang, and Weiguo Zhang.
Weller and Breithaupt 2003, Lam and But 1999, Zhou et al. 1999, and Li et al. 1999.